automated and manual testing
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Part 1: Automated Testing vs Manual Testing | Definitions

Software Testing is an essential component of every successful software development project. Various factors, such as project specifications, expenses, timetable, experience, and appropriateness, influence the method of testing (manual or automated). Time, budget, and quality are three critical aspects in every project; the objective of each successful project is to lower the cost and time necessary to finish it while keeping the output quality at high levels. When it comes to testing, one type could be able to achieve this purpose more effectively than the alternative.


Manual and automated testing both have advantages and limitations. It’s important to understand the differences and when to choose one over the other for the most effective outcomes.

Manual testing (as the name implies) involves executing test cases manually (by a human) without using any software tools or programs. On the contrary, tests are run with the use of tools, scripts, and software in automated testing.

Manual Testing Definition

In manual testing, tests are run manually by Quality Assurance engineers. It’s used to find bugs in software that’s still in development.

In manual testing, the tester examines all the critical features of the software. Without the use of any automation software testing technologies, software testers run test cases and create test reports in this method.

It is a traditional approach for all forms of testing that assists in the discovery of defects in software products. To complete the software testing process, it is usually done by an advanced test engineer.

Automated Testing Definition

Testers write code/test scripts to automate test execution in this approach.  Testers create test scripts and evaluate software using suitable automation technologies. The objective is to finish testing in a shorter period of time.

Automated testing is based primarily on a pre-scripted test that runs automatically and compares the actual findings to the predicted ones. This assists the test engineer in determining if a software works as planned.


You can use automated testing to complete repetitive tasks and regression tests without the need for a manual tester. Even if all operations are automated, the creation of first testing scripts necessitates some manual work.